Assessment of Multiple Health Risks in a Single Obstructive Sleep Apnea Population
1Sleep Disorders Centre, Section of Respirology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, CA; 2Department of Biostatistics and Research Epidemiology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI; 3Sleep Disorders and Research Center, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI
In order to provide a comprehensive estimate of the health risks for OSA patients, we analyzed multiple outcomes and independent predictors of these outcomes in an OSA population evaluated and followed at one sleep center.
Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were used in an 8-year follow-up analysis of consecutive OSA patients (N = 1025) and non-apneic snorers (apnea-hypopnea index < 5, N = 494).
In our fully adjusted model, independent variables predictive of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, cerebral vascular accident, and pulmonary embolus were: older age, male gender, and history of cardiovascular diseases or procedures. In examining subgroups based on age and gender, severe OSA (AHI ≥ 30) was one of the independent predictors of mortality in males and in patients < 50 years old. Severe OSA interacted with maleness, age, and hypertension to predict mortality and myocardial infarction. CPAP use ≥ 4 h/night was associated with lower mortality rates in males and those ≥ 50 years old with severe OSA.
Mortality and cardiovascular event outcomes were predicted by demographics and cardiovascular disease history more commonly than by OSA severity. OSA severity was an important predictor of mortality in male and young OSA patients. CPAP use appeared protective in older and male severe OSA patients.
Hudgel DW; Lamerato LE; Jacobsen GR; Drake CL. Assessment of multiple health risks in a single obstructive sleep apnea population. J Clin Sleep Med 2012;8(1):9-18.
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