Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Stepped care models for chronic insomnia are in their infancy. This study evaluated predictors of movement in a stepped care pathway using a sample of 50 adult outpatients with chronic insomnia.
At assessment periods, participants completed daily sleep diaries, the Insomnia Severity Index, the Multi-Dimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI), and the Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep Scale (DBAS-10). Following this, data were collected regarding whether the individual went on to receive more intensive services (i.e., individual consultation, group or individual therapy). Data were analyzed using multi-nomial logistic regression.
Results showed that age, employment status, and sleep (quality, latency) predicted use of more intensive services. Results showed that psychiatric and sleep comorbidity, sleep attitudes, and insomnia severity did not.
Implications of these findings are that stepped care resulted in a 69% improvement in efficiency, and that low-intensity treatment delivered in step 1 may have been particularly sufficient for the young and employed, and for those with better sleep.
Vincent N; Walsh K. Stepped care for insomnia: an evaluation of implementation in routine practice. J Clin Sleep Med 2013;9(3):227-234.